Chinese massage, otherwise known as tui na, is a therapy that dates back two thousand years ago to ancient China. The words ‘tui na’ translate to ‘push grasp’ which describes this style of massage with its assorted techniques including kneading, tapping, rubbing and pressing. The pressure used is suited to the individual patient and can be light on the skin or firm for deep tissue techniques. Pressure is applied to acupuncture points to stimulate them for specific conditions.
This form of massage is part of the greater system of (Traditional Chinese Massage) TCM, a diverse system of medicine that covers all major systems within the body; which means it can be used for a wide range of acute and chronic ailments. TCM is focused on treating the underlying cause of disease as well as the presenting symptoms. This involves a holistic approach linking the body, mind and emotions in both the cause of disease and its treatment. Chinese massage may also be used to optimise overall wellness.
How does TCM massage work?
By using a range of massage techniques your massage therapist will aim at best treating the particular condition you wish to have treated – whether that’s pain relief, reducing tension, healing injury or just making you feel better.
Peer-reviewed medical research has shown that massage techniques may provide:
- Pain relief – For musculoskeletal injuries, tension headaches and back pain.
- Mental alertness – After massage, EEG patterns indicate enhanced performance and alertness on mathematical computations.
- Reduced anxiety and depression – Massage nay reduce subclinical depression.
- Detoxification – Massage may stimulate the immune system by increasing blood flow and lymph drainage.
- Muscle recovery – Massage may help to clear muscles of lactic and uric acid that build up during exercise.
- Muscle tone – Improving muscle tone and delaying muscle atrophy resulting from inactivity.
- Prevent injury – Deep massage may separate fascial fibres, prevent adhesions and reduce inflammation and oedema.
- Relaxation – The release of endorphins and serotonin inducing a relaxed, ‘feel good’ state may improve sleep, reduce blood pressure and heart rate.
- Healing – Massage may increase circulation and therefore improves the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the cells.
Traditionally, acupressure is explained by influencing the flow of Qi (energy or life force) within the body. For example, someone with throbbing headaches has too much Qi moving upwards, or someone with pain that is worse for rest has Qi that is ‘stuck’ or not circulating well. Researchers have identified that stimulating an acupuncture point (with a needle or acupressure) can create measurable changes in the body. Acupuncture points have an influence over the area that surrounds them. An acupuncture point can also have an influence over areas far removed from the actual point being needled.
Who can benefit?
TCM remedial massage is ideal for most musculoskeletal pain. It can also be beneficial for other health conditions, particularly when combined with acupuncture and/or other techniques such as cupping or herbal medicine.
People who can benefit from TCM remedial massage include those with specific pains such as stiff neck, tight shoulders or lower back pain; as well as anyone who suffers from chronic stress or general muscle tension.